What Is Schizophrenia?

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What can philosophers learn from schizophrenia? David Edmonds discusses this intriguing question with John Campbell for this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast.

Listen to John Campbell on Schizophrenia

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When people experience delusions or hallucinations there is usually some loss of contact with reality whereby normal processes of thought and perception are disturbed. As humans, we are all susceptible to experiencing anomalous mental states such as this. In everyday life, for example, mentally healthy people distort reality to enhance their self-esteem and maintain beliefs about their self-agency.

When faced with negative, ambiguous or unsupportive feedback, we often respond with exaggerated perceptions of control and unrealistic optimism. In some life situations – in states of delirium, bereavement, severe lack of sleep and sensory deprivation – it is not uncommon for hallucinations to occur. The idea that delusions and hallucinations are a sign of illness or pathology tends to emerge when the belief or experience occurs outside of such situations and is held to be true in the face of strong contradictory evidence...

Continue reading Kevin Morgan's article: How hard is it to recognise that you are experiencing a delusion?

Further Reading

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality. Common symptoms include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices that others do not, reduced social engagement and emotional expression, and a lack of motivation. People with schizophrenia often have additional mental health problems such as anxiety, depressive, or substance-use disorders. Symptoms typically come on gradually, begin in young adulthood, and last a long time...

Continue reading the Wikipedia article on Schizophrenia

Related Topics

If you’re interested in schizophrenia, check out some of the following related topics for more resources:

 Cognition | Mental Illness | Neuroscience | Psychology

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