This page features a collection of the best resources on X. Just to be clear, there is no single best resource on X. The best one will depend on your preferred learning style and the amount of time you want to spend learning about X.
To get started, simply choose one of the links below:
If you want a comprehensive overview of the idea of knowledge:
- Read the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on Epistemology. However, you should keep in mind that the Stanford Encyclopedia in often quite technical and this article may be difficult for beginners. It’s also quite long at around 18,000 words. Here’s a short excerpt that introduces the idea of knowledge:
“Defined narrowly, epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief. As the study of knowledge, epistemology is concerned with the following questions: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge? What are its sources? What is its structure, and what are its limits? As the study of justified belief, epistemology aims to answer questions such as: How we are to understand the concept of justification? What makes justified beliefs justified? Is justification internal or external to one’s own mind? Understood more broadly, epistemology is about issues having to do with the creation and dissemination of knowledge in particular areas of inquiry. . . .”
If you’re looking for a somewhat shorter and more engaging introduction:
- Read Peter Ellerton’s article: How do you know that what you know is true? That’s epistemology [1300 words]
If you’d prefer a video introduction:
- Watch Wireless Philosophy’s animated video on Epistemology: An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge [6:10 mins]
If you prefer audio and podcasts:
- Listen to Jennifer Nagel discuss Intuitions about Knowledge on the Philosophy Bites podcast [18:39 mins]
If you’d just like to casually browse a few quotes:
Unfortunately, there’s only so much you can learn by using free online resources. If you want to learn more, check out this list of the Best Books on Epistemology
And for more introductory philosophy resources and reading lists, check out this collection of Resources and Reading Lists.