This page features a collection of the best resources on X. Just to be clear, there is no single best resource on X. The best one will depend on your preferred learning style and the amount of time you want to spend learning about X.
To get started, simply choose one of the links below:
If you want a comprehensive overview of the idea of justice:
- Read the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on Justice. However, you should keep in mind that the Stanford Encyclopedia in often quite technical and this article may be difficult for beginners. It’s also quite long at around 14,000 words. Here’s a short excerpt that introduces the idea of justice:
“The idea of justice occupies centre stage both in ethics, and in legal and political philosophy. We apply it to individual actions, to laws, and to public policies, and we think in each case that if they are unjust this is a strong, maybe even conclusive, reason to reject them. Classically, justice was counted as one of the four cardinal virtues (and sometimes as the most important of the four); in modern times John Rawls famously described it as ‘the first virtue of social institutions’. We might debate which of these realms of practical philosophy has first claim on justice: is it first and foremost a property of the law, for example, and only derivatively a property of individuals and other institutions? But it is probably more enlightening to accept that the idea has over time sunk deep roots in each of these domains, and to try to make sense of such a wide-ranging concept by identifying elements that are present whenever justice is invoked, but also examining the different forms it takes in various practical contexts. . . .”
If you’re looking for a somewhat shorter and more engaging introduction:
If you’d prefer a video introduction:
If you prefer audio and podcasts:
If you’d like to read a short passage from a classic work of philosophy:
- Read The Ring of Gyges and the Advantages of Injustice: A short reading from ‘The Republic’ by Plato [1500 words]
If you’d just like to casually browse a few quotes:
Unfortunately, there’s only so much you can learn by using free online resources. If you want to learn more, check out this list of the Best Books on Justice
For more introductory philosophy resources and reading lists check out this collection of Resources and Reading Lists.