This page features a collection of the best resources on critical thinking. To get started, simply choose the type of resource that best suits your learning style.
If you want a comprehensive overview of critical thinking:
- Read the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on Critical Thinking. However, you should keep in mind that the Stanford Encyclopedia in often quite technical and this article may be difficult for beginners. It’s also quite long at around 12,000 words. Here’s a short excerpt that introduces the idea of critical thinking:
“Critical thinking is a widely accepted educational goal. Its definition is contested, but the competing definitions can be understood as differing conceptions of the same basic concept: careful thinking directed to a goal. Conceptions differ with respect to the scope of such thinking, the type of goal, the criteria and norms for thinking carefully, and the thinking components on which they focus. Its adoption as an educational goal has been recommended on the basis of respect for students’ autonomy and preparing students for success in life and for democratic citizenship…”
If you’re looking for a somewhat shorter and more engaging introduction:
- Read Gerald Dworkin’s article on Critical Thinking [1000 words]
If you’d prefer a video introduction:
If you prefer audio and podcasts:
- Listen to Tom Chatfield discuss Critical Thinking and Bias on the Social Science Bites podcast [31:09 mins]
While these resources are a great starting point, there’s only so much you can learn by using free online resources. If you want to learn more, check out this list of the Best Books on Critical Thinking
The Daily Idea collects and organizes the best philosophy resources from across the internet to help make learning about philosophy as easy as possible. You can find an organized collection of introductory readings and free philosophy resources here. Or get started below by signing up for a free philosophy quote delivered to your inbox each day!