An Organized Collection of 400+ Philosophy Articles, Podcasts, and Videos

This page contains an organized collection of links and resources on a wide range of philosophical topics. Philosophy is a huge topic and it can be difficult to know where to start. Often beginners are directed to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy as an introductory resource. While the SEP is incredibly useful, it is primarily aimed at professional philosophers, and newcomers may finding it overly technical and complex. Fortunately, over recent years, there has been a massive increase in high-quality philosophy resources aimed at a general audience. Projects like Aeon, Philosophy Bites, and Wireless Philosophy are making it easier than ever for anyone to get interested in philosophy. Unfortunately, all these great resources are spread across many different websites and it can be time-consuming to try to the best resources on the topics you find interesting.

This page aims to make finding beginner-friendly philosophy resources easier by bringing them all together on one page and organizing them by philosopher/topic. Almost all of the topics listed here feature the following:

  • a link to a relevant beginner-friendly article written by a professional philosopher
  • an relevant episode of a philosophy podcast
  • a relevant Youtube video
  • as well as a link to the relevant SEP article

The goal is to make it as easy as possible for you to find great philosophy resources on whichever topics you find most interesting and in whichever format best suits your learning style. To get started, simply choose a topic from the list below:

Topics:

This first section features resources arranged by topic in alphabetical order.

Ethics

Ethics is the study of concepts involving practical reasoning: good, right, duty, obligation, virtue, choice, etc. You can find an organized collection of articles, podcasts, and videos on ethics here. Or check out some of the resources below:

Animal Ethics

This section features resources on ethical issues relating to animals. You can find a collection of resources on animal ethics here. Or check out the links below to learn more:

Bioethics

Bioethics is the branch of ethics that investigates problems specifically arising from medical and biological practice.  Check out the links below to learn more:

Consequentialism

Consequentialism is the view that the rightness (or wrongness) of an action is determined entirely by its consequences. Check out the links below to learn more:

Deontological Ethics

Deontological ethics refers to ethical views that judge actions primarily based on notions of duties or rights. Check out the links below to learn more:

Effective Altruism

Effective Altruism is a social movement which was influenced by the philosopher Peter Singer and aims to do the most good in the world. Check out the links below to learn more:

Egoism

Egoism is usually divided into two forms. Psychological egoism is the view that people are always motivated by self interest. Ethical egoism is the view that people should always act in their own self interest. Check out the links below to learn more:

Environmental Ethics

Environmental ethics is the branch of ethics concerning issues relating to the environment. Check out the links below to learn more:

Happiness

All ethical views ascribe some value to happiness, however there is considerable disagreement about what happiness actually is. Check out the links below to learn more:

Hedonism

Hedonism is the view that pleasure or happiness is the only thing that is intrinsically good. All other things are good to the extent that they promote pleasure or happiness. Check out the links below to learn more:

The Meaning of Life

Many people want a life that is meaningful, however there is considerable disagreement about what exactly makes certain lives meaningful. Check out the links below to learn more:

Metaethics

Metaethics investigates the nature and grounds of ethical beliefs and systems. Check out the links below to learn more:

Moral Relativism

Moral relativism is the view that moral judgments are true or false only relative to some particular standpoint (for instance, that of a culture or a historical period) and that no standpoint is uniquely privileged over all others. Check out the links below to learn more:

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is the view that actions should be judged based on whether they tend to maximize happiness, pleasure, or well-being. Check out the links below to learn more:

Virtue Ethics

Virtue ethics is an approach to ethics that tends to emphasize the role of virtue, or moral character, in ethical decision making. Check out the links below to learn more:

Political Philosophy

Political philosophy involves philosophical reflection on how we should arrange our collective lives, especially with respect to our political institutions and social practices. You can find an organized collection of articles, podcasts, and videos on political philosophy here. Or check out some of the resources below:

Anarchsim

Anarchism is a political ideology that emphasizes that human communities can and should flourish without government. Check out the links below to learn more:

Conservatism

Conservatism is a political ideology that emphasizes caution in departing from the historical roots of society, or changing its inherited traditions and institutions. Check out the links below to learn more:

Critical Theory

Critical theory refers to the philosophical approach of the Frankfurt School which aims to understand and critique contemporary society, particularly ways in which society perpetuates domination and limits freedom. You can find a collection of resources on Critical Theory here or check out the links below to learn more:

Democracy

Democracy is generally defined as a kind of decision making procedure which is characterized by a kind of equality between the participants, often this involves some kind of voting mechanism. Check out the links below to learn more:

Equality

Equality is often considered to be one of the central ideals in political philosophy, but there is considerable controversy around what exactly equality means and what we should aim to equalize. Check out the links below to learn more:

Free Speech

Free speech involves the right to certain kinds of expression, e.g. criticizing the government, burning flags, and displaying paintings, but there is considerable disagreements as to where the limits to free speech should be placed. Check out the links below to learn more:

Freedom

Freedom is often considered to be one of the central ideals in political philosophy but there is disagreement over why freedom is valuable and what freedom consists in. Check out the links below to learn more:

Global Justice

Most political philosophy is concerned about justice within a state. Recently, focus has shifted to more global issues. Global Justice is concerned about these issues on a global level. Check out the links below to learn more:

Justice

Justice is also considered to be a central ideal within political philosophy and again there is disagreement around what exactly justice entails. Check out the links below to learn more:

Liberalism

Liberalism is a political ideology centered on the individual and the rights that individuals have against interference by the government. Check out the links below to learn more:

Political Obligation

Theories of political obligation aim to understand under what conditions and individual is obligated to obey the law. Check out the links below to learn more:

Punishment

Theories of punishment aim to understand under what conditions punishment is justified. Check out the links below to learn more:

Philosophy of Race

Theories of race aim to understand the historical division of humans into various discrete categories. Check out the links below to learn more:

  • The Ontology of Race – article by Abiral Chitrakar Phnuyal via 1000-Word Philosophy
  • Race – podcast via The Philosopher’s Zone
  • Racial Ontology – video via Wireless Philosophy
  • Race – article via the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Rights

Rights generally refer to certain privileges and entitlements that are owed to people according to some legal or ethical system. Check out the links below to learn more:

Toleration

Toleration involves refraining from acting against beliefs or practices which are disapproved of, or politically opposed, or alien. Check out the links below to learn more:

War

Theories of war are concerned about what conditions, if any, justify war. Check out the links below to learn more:

Epistemology

A Collection of Online Resources and Key Quotes on Epistemology

Disagreement
Knowledge
Pragmatism
Skepticism
Truth
Testimony

Metaphysics

Consciousness
Death
Free Will
God
Personal Identity

Aesthetics

Art
Beauty

Non-Western Philosophy

African Philosophy
Buddhism
Chinese Philosophy
Confucianism
Daoism
Islamic Philosophy

Philosophy of Biology

Existentialism

More resources on Existentialism

Feminist Philosophy

Philosophy of Language

Logic

  • Logic and Neutrality – article by Timothy Williamson via The New York Times
  • Logic – podcast via BBC’s In Our Time
  • Validity – video via Wireless Philosophy
  • Informal Logic – article via the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Philosophy of Mathematics

Philosophy of Science

More resources on philosophy of science

Philosophy of Technology

Philosophers:

Pre-Socratics

More resources on Presocratic philosophy.

Socrates

More resources on Socrates

Plato

More resources on Plato

Diogenes

Aristotle

More resources on Aristotle

Epicurus

More resources on Epicureanism

The Stoics

More resources on Stoicism

Plotinus

St Augustine

More resources on St. Augustine

Boethius

Avicenna

St Anselm

St Aquinas

More resources on St. Thomas Aquinas

Machiavelli

More resources on Machiavelli

Montaigne

More resources on Montaigne

Descartes

More resources on Descartes

Hobbes

More resources on Hobbes

Pascal

More resources on Pascal

Spinoza

Locke

Leibniz

Berkeley

Hume

More resources on Hume

Rousseau

More resources on Rousseau

Smith

Burke

Kant

More resources on Kant

Wollstonecraft

Bentham

Hegel

More resources on Hegel

Schopenhauer

More resources on Schopenhauer

Kierkegaard

More resources on Kierkegaard

Mill

More resources on John Stuart Mill

Darwin

Marx

More resources on Marx

Nietzsche

More resources on Nietzsche

Russell

More resources on Bertrand Russell

Freud

More resources on Freud

Wittgenstein

More resources on Wittgenstein

Heidegger

Popper

Sartre

Camus

Beauvoir

Arendt

More resources on Arendt

Rawls

Foucault

More resources on Foucault


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