This page aims to make learning about the philosophy of Immanuel Kant as easy as possible by bringing together the best articles, podcasts, and videos from across the internet onto one page. To get started, simply choose one of the resources listed below, or browse a selection of key quotes by Kant at the bottom of the page.
This section features articles from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The SEP is probably the most comprehensive online philosophy resource. It features in-depth articles on a huge number of philosophical topics, however, it is aimed at an academic audience and may be too detailed and technical for beginners. The IEP is generally more beginner-friendly but is also considered to be less reliable. Wikipedia is also an option, but it is much less reliable than either of these.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Immanuel Kant
- Kant’s Moral Philosophy
- Kant’s Social and Political Philosophy
- Kant’s Account of Reason
- Kant’s Transcendental Idealism
- Kant’s Philosophical Development
- Kant’s Aesthetics and Teleology
- Kant’s Philosophy of Religion
- Kant’s View of the Mind and Consciousness of Self
- Kant and Hume on Morality
- Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics
- Kant’s Views on Space and Time
- Kant’s Critique of Metaphysics
- Kant’s Theory of Judgment
- Kant and Hume on Causality
- Kant’s Transcendental Arguments
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Immanuel Kant
- Immanuel Kant: Metaphysics
- Immanuel Kant: Aesthetics
- Kant: Philosophy of Mind
- Immanuel Kant: Philosophy of Religion
- Immanuel Kant: Radical Evil
This section features short articles written by professional philosophers and aimed at a general audience. These articles are ideal for anyone looking for a shorter or more beginner-friendly introduction to Kant than the encyclopedia articles listed above.
This section features episodes from leading philosophy podcasts. These are also aimed at a general audience and are a good option for beginners who prefer audio content.
In Our Time
The Partially Examined Life
Short Videos (<30 mins)
This section features short videos aimed at beginners.
BBC Radio 4
Lectures/Longer Videos (>30 mins)
This section features longer videos and lectures. These tend to be less beginner-friendly and aimed at a more academic audience.
- The Life & Work of Immanuel Kant
- Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, Robert Paul Wolff Lecture 1
- Modern Philosophy: Immanuel Kant (Playlist)
This section features a selection of university course syllabi. Browsing course syllabi can be a useful way to find reading recommendations.
- Kant’s Ethical Theory – Philosophy 168 | Harvard University
- Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason – University of Chicago
- Kant I: Critique of Pure Reason – Philosophy 7106 | Fordham University
- Kant’s Practical Philosophy – Jennifer Mensch
- Kant – Phil 232 | Marquette University
- The Philosophy of Kant – Birkbeck, University of London
This section features requests for book recommendations on philosophy forums. These can also be useful to browse when trying to find reading recommendations.
- Book recommendations on Kant!
- Could you recommend a good introductory text on Kant, please?
- Can anyone recommend a good biography of Immanuel Kant?
- The best books on Immanuel Kant recommended by Adrian Moore
There is only so much that you can learn using free online resources. This section features books that may be useful if you’re looking to learn more about Kant. This list was created using the books featured in the course syllabi and forum recommendations above.
- Kant: A Very Short Introduction by Roger Scruton
- Kant by Paul Guyer
- Kant: A Biography by Manfred Kuehn
- The Cambridge Companion to Kant by Paul Guyer
- Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics by Immanuel Kant
- Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant
- Critique of Judgement by Immanuel Kant
- Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant
This section features online courses on Kant.
- Kant’s Critique of Judgment – JM Bernstein | New School
- Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason – JM Bernstein | New School
- Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason – Dan Robinson | Oxford
- Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason – Richard Dien Winfield | University of Georgia
This section features a selection of key quotes by Kant.
It has hitherto been assumed that our cognition must conform to the objects; … Let us then make the experiment whether we may not be more successful in metaphysics, if we assume that the objects must conform to our cognition.
– Critique of Pure Reason, Preface to the Second Edition
Without sensibility no object would be given to us, without understanding no object would be thought. Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind. … The understanding can intuit nothing, the senses can think nothing. Only through their union can knowledge arise.
– Critique of Pure Reason, A 51/B75
Thus the order and regularity in the appearances, which we entitle nature, we ourselves introduce.
– Critique of Pure Reason, A 125
I have no knowledge of myself as I am, but merely as I appear to myself.
– Critique of Pure Reason, B 158
It is precisely in knowing its limits that philosophy consists.
– Critique of Pure Reason, A727/B 755
Nothing can possibly be conceived in the world, or even out of it, which can be called good, without qualification, except a good will. Intelligence, wit, judgement, and the other talents of the mind, however they may be named, or courage, resolution, perseverance, as qualities of temperament, are undoubtedly good and desirable in many respects; but these gifts of nature may also become extremely bad and mischievous if the will which is to make use of them, and which, therefore, constitutes what is called character, is not good.
– Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, sect. 1
There is therefore but one categorical imperative, namely, this: Act only on that maxim whereby thou canst at the same time will that it should become a universal law.
– Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, sect. 2
So act as to treat humanity, whether in thine own person or in that of any other, in every case as an end withal, never as means only.
– Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, sect 2
Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and the more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within.
– Critique of Practical Reason, pt. 2, Conclusion
Out of wood so crooked and perverse as that which man is made of, nothing absolutely straight can ever be wrought.
– Idea of a Universal History on a Cosmopolitical Plan, 6
Taste is the faculty of judging an object or a method of representing it by and entirely disinterested satisfaction or dissatisfaction. The object of such satisfaction is called beautiful.
– Critique of Judgement
Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-incurred immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one’s own understanding without the guidance of another. This immaturity is self-incurred if its cause is not lack of understanding, but lack of resolution and courage to use it without the guidance of another. The motto of enlightenment is therefore: Sapere aude! [Dare to know!] Have courage to use your own understanding!
– What is Enlightenment?
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